Washington State Measles Outbreak
On January 25th, Governor Jay Inslee signed Proclamation 19-01, declaring a State of Emergency for all counties in the State of Washington because of the measles outbreak. There have been 37 confirmed cases of measles in Washington, primarily in Clark County, with one case in King County.
Due to the highly infectious and contagious nature of the Measles virus, and the potential of non-vaccinated students in attendance at school, WSRMP is issuing this Risk Alert.
Symptoms (Mayo Clinic)
Measles signs and symptoms appear around 10 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. Signs and symptoms of measles typically include:
- Dry cough
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
- Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers on a red background found inside the mouth on the inner lining of the cheek — also called Koplik's spots
- A skin rash made up of large, flat blotches that often flow into one another
- Infection and incubation. For the first 10 to 14 days after you're infected, the measles virus incubates. You have no signs or symptoms of measles during this time.
- Nonspecific signs and symptoms. Measles typically begins with a mild to moderate fever, often accompanied by a persistent cough, runny nose, inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis) and sore throat. This relatively mild illness may last two or three days.
- Acute illness and rash. The rash consists of small red spots, some of which are slightly raised. Spots and bumps in tight clusters give the skin a splotchy red appearance. The face breaks out first.
- Over the next few days, the rash spreads down the arms and trunk, then over the thighs, lower legs and feet. At the same time, the fever rises sharply, often as high as 104 to 105.8 F (40 to 41 C). The measles rash gradually recedes, fading first from the face and last from the thighs and feet.
- Communicable period- A person with measles can spread the virus to others for about eight days, starting four days before the rash appears and ending when the rash has been present for four days.
There are many resources available through health organizations throughout Washington. As such, WSRMP recommends these resources be made readily available to students and their parents, staff, and the general public.
Resources for Schools (Provided by the Washington State Health Department)
- "Measles: It Isn’t Just a Little Rash" infographic (CDC)
- "Traveling Abroad? Protect Your Child from Measles" infographic (CDC)
- Measles Basic Information flyer (PDF)
- Vaccine safety
- Learn about the MMR vaccine
- Frequently asked questions about measles
- "Measles Vaccine: Our Best Protection" flyer (PDF)
- Frequently asked questions about measles in the U.S. (CDC)
- Find a local health department
- Immunization forms and publications